Whole Equation Sustainable Housing’s Expensive

Whole Equation Sustainable Housing’s Expensive

Although low-energy and zero-energy housing are internationally best practices, they are still expensive. One problem with housing standards is that they are often based on cost-benefit analysis, which can lead to incorrect conclusions about whether sustainable housing is affordable.

New research has shown that such analyses can overlook some financial benefits, such as lower energy bills or lower mobility costs. These analyses overlook the effects of factors like improved thermal comfort on householders’ quality and health. As the report shows, sustainable housing can have significant benefits for the most vulnerable members in our community.

With changes to minimum building regulations and creation of subsidies like solar rebates, the environmental performance of Australian housing has been slowing improving. Despite the many benefits of sustainable housing, such as lower utility bills, greenhouse gas emissions, better comfort, and better health, this is still a significant problem.

These benefits are not include in cost-benefit analyses. This leaves large gaps that could use for investment in sustainable housing.

What Was The Outcome Of The Study?

The study consisted of a three-year mixed-method evaluation for a small, sustainable housing development in Horsham (Victoria). The Victorian Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) commissioned the study. It used both qualitative and quantitative methods to evaluate housing policy and environmental performance.

To maximize passive solar principles, four houses with two bedrooms were built, each one having nine stars (under the National House Energy Rating Scheme. NatHERS). Design elements and technologies included partial reverse brick-veneer construction and double-glazed windows. There was also a 1.5-kilowatt solar PV system. The rainwater tank shared with the other houses is 5,000 litres. These houses were constructed without air conditioning. The living areas have gas heating and ceiling fans.

These nine-star houses were compared to seven houses built to DHHS standards and with a six star NatHERS rating. The results were also compared to a DHHS technical guideline of industry practice. We performed a cost-benefit analysis and technical performance analysis (utility usage, internal temperature), three rounds interviewing householders in different seasons, as well as a personalized household sustainability assessment.

Using a cost-benefit analysis, nine-star housing was unfeasible for DHHS. Even if DHHS could capture the savings for the householders, the payback period was only 40 years for one of four dwellings in a high energy-price future. This was due in part to the higher than expected capital costs associated with sustainability initiatives.

The resale price per unit could be as high as A$40,000, however. A technical performance analysis revealed significant benefits for nine-star households. These benefits included lower utility consumption and bills. One resident shared the following. Look, I haven’t paid my power bill for six months. I’m still in credit.

These Households Were Found Expensive

A decrease in utility consumption, including solar feed-in tariff, made them A$1,000 more financially secure over the past year. The average household purchased 45% less electricity than the control (and 73% less that the industry standard).

Consumed 22% less water (30% lower than the industry standard. 40% lower CO2 environmental impact due to power consumption 63% less than industry standard. They were more comfortable with the indoor temperature in their home for 10% longer even with no air conditioning.

Extreme weather conditions magnified comfort benefits. The nine-star houses, which were above 41 degrees for the second consecutive day, were 16.6 degrees cooler than the six-star standard house.

This allowed householders to stay at home in heatwaves, rather than having to search for alternative accommodation as was the case with control households. One resident said. In summer, I would sit at the supermarket because it was cool. I can stay at home and eat out.

Residents Confirm Well-Being Benefits Expensive

Interviews with residents revealed positive social outcomes of living in sustainable housing. This supported the technical data. They cited improved health and better financial management as some of the benefits.

These householders claimed that they had more spending money because of low or no utility bills. They could purchase Christmas gifts for their children, pay off personal debt, lay-by, and go on holiday.

Instead of thinking Oh God, I must go and lay-by this, I now go clothes shopping expensive occasionally. This led to better mental health and stress reduction for many householders.

Research shows that housing sector may have over-relied on cost-benefit analyses, which could lead to overlooking the benefits and detriments of different housing arrangements. Combining quantitative and qualitative evaluation methods can provide a better understanding of how housing impacts people’s lives.

Our research also shows how sustainable housing benefits go beyond the environment. These positive effects can lead to improved living conditions for some of society’s most vulnerable. This can lead to a reduction in pressure on the health system and other support sectors.

Kabul For The Fashion World And Became A Hippie

Kabul For The Fashion World And Became A Hippie

London’s launch of Sgt. Pepper’s Lonely Hearts Club fashion Band was launch in London in May 1967. It was a fashion and musical landmark. John Lennon stole all the spotlight, despite the fact that the Beatles wore the most unusual clothes. A frilled, green shirt worn by John Lennon, along with maroon corduroy trousers and canary-yellow socks.

He also wore corduroy shoes with two unusual additions. The first was a leather scarf, while the second was an Afghan sheepskin jacket. Both worn with the fur on the inside and the skin on the outside. It was tan yellow with large red flowers and had a sleeve that was embroider with red roses.

They became an extremely popular fashion trend with a long life expectancy. Celebrities wore Afghans in the 1960s. They became a standard piece of youth clothing for the better part of a decade and were an emblem of the counterculture and the archetypal hippie outfit.

They enjoy a resurgence that was inspire by Penny Lane’s role in the 2000 film Almost Famous. Their international embrace change the way coats are made and looked like. These coats were only possible because Afghanistan was changing its relationship with the rest.

Medium, Long Or Short

Traditional Afghan coats came in three types: sleeveless or shorter-sleeved hip length vests known collectively as pustinchas, knee-length long-sleeved coats called pustakis, and an ankle-length cloak known as pustins.

Men cured the skins and tanned them yellow using the rinds from pomegranates. They then cut the pieces into pieces and sewn them together. Women and girls embroider the pieces with geometric and floral patterns, often in red or yellow. They were sometimes bear, fox, or goat skins, but more often karakul (a long-haired breed) of sheep.

Although they are often portrayed as only for men, they were also worn by women, and were so common in winter that they were even considered Afghan national dress.

The smaller pustins and pustakis were usually more affordable for the poor. These coats would be more expensive if they purchased the larger pustins.

High-ranking government officials, wealthy merchants, and wealthy clerics purchased lavishly decorated pustins to show their wealth. Maynard Owen Williams, the first National Geographic Society field correspondent in 1946, considered the pustin the ultimate in masculine chic. He wrote that the archetypal Afghan man was dressed in red-embroidered sheepskin.

Ghazni, located south of Kabul, was their main source. Sylvia Matheson, a British archaeologist, discovered that there were “one shop after the other selling only pustin in this area.

Matheson was attracted to white fur but decided they were too difficult for her winter fieldwork. Matheson chose a brown-furred pustincha, which was still enchanting, the yellow skin completely covered in tightly stitched flowers of red pillarbox, with a touch of periwinkle.

Hippie Commerce Fashion

More foreigners arrived in Afghanistan from the 1960s, when a program of modernisation saw significant numbers of women move to new areas and get paid work. A few westerners arrived in Kabul by plane with large amounts of money.

It was open by the Intercontinental Group in 1969. The majority of western visitors were hippies, who, according to J. C. E. Bowen, travel overland in every type of clapped-out motor car, through Kabul’s bottleneck, on their way to the imagined Elysium at Kathmandu.

The Shahr-e Naw was their main destination. It was a suburb in the garden close to Kabul’s city centre. Chicken Street was once a place for poultry sellers. It became a tourist area with antique shops and clothing and embroidery stores as well as carpet dealers. Tony Wheeler, in Across Asia on The Cheap, the first Lonely Planet guide published in 1973, described Chicken Street the freak centre of Kabul.

Hippie capitalism was commonplace. Some people traveled to find local products that they could sell back to the West. If they were able to make a profit, they imported more.

Richard Neville, an Australian of Oz Magazine fame who purchased a pustincha while traveling overland from Sydney, Australia to London in 1965, was a proponent of this type commerce.

Neville recognized the larger exchange of dresses in Afghanistan and other countries along the Hippie Trail by publishing Play Power, his 1970 manifesto for hippies and manual. He advised:

You can sell your western-style jeans in Nepal and long leather boots in Morocco. You could make 500% profit by bringing back lambskin jackets from Kabul. Then you could triple your profits with antique robes.

Tricks Up Retailers Sleeves To Lure Physical Stores

Tricks Up Retailers Sleeves To Lure Physical Stores

Online competition is putting intense pressure on brick-and-mortar stores. The most hot are department stores and clothes shops. David Jones profit for this year was half to A$64 millions. Myer reported a disappointing loss of A$486 millions.

German giant Esprit has closed its Australian operations after global sales fell 40% in just four years. Gap, a US-based company, closed its last Australian shop in February. Metalicus and Oroton, Marcs and David Lawrence, as well as Pumpkin Patch, are other brands that have gone bust.

What Should You Do?

One solution is to invest in and improve the aspects of your shopping experience that online retailers can’t offer. Department stores and clothing retailers use psychological research and consumer behaviour to increase their appeal sometimes without the shoppers even realising. These are the three most important strategies.

Your Heart Is At Home Stores

It’s easy to shop from your home. It’s easy to do in your own time. There is no pressure to rush and buy something. It’s possible to do it in your pajamas. Retailers are looking for ways to make customers feel more at home in stores, to compete with home shopping. These tactics include creating a sense of familiarity through furniture, lighting, and even smells. Rodd & Gunn, a men’s clothing retailer, is going all out with shop fit-outs designed to resemble a real home.

Above is Rodd & Gunn’s experiential shop in Chadstone (Melbourne). The ceiling is slant and wood-panel to look like a house roof. The shop floor’s central area is home to a living room, which includes a sofa, armchairs, and a coffee table. The walls are covered with art. This is all to make you feel just as relaxed as in your own home.

This approach is based on research showing that familiar design elements make shoppers feel more at ease. It seems that colour and music choices don’t matter as much, but layout and other sensory experiences.

For example, familiar scents can influence your decision to visit a store, the length of your stay, and ultimately, how much you spend. They work best when they are complementary to the brand. For example, a faint woodsy scent in a hardware shop or a more herbal aroma in a wellness center.

You Need Space But Not Too Many Stores

How the staff treats you can make or break your shopping experience. Sarah Alhouti, along with her colleagues, believes that there is a fine line between love of attention and hatred. Overly attentive salespeople can make you feel pushy, desperate or aggressive. This could drive you away. You may feel unimportant, unattractive, and unworthy. If you pay too much attention

Retailers are using technology to get attention because the Goldilocks zone is different for each person. Seafolly, Australia’s biggest swimwear brand, is testing an interactive mirror in its Bondi Junction store in Sydney. This allows customers to communicate with staff from their changing rooms for assistance only when they feel they are in need.

You Are So Unique

Although shopping online can be very convenient, it does not make you feel special. Brick-and-mortar stores are positioning themselves to appeal to the human desire for pampering and stand at the top of the market. Because every customer they receive is important, it makes sense to invest into the VIP experience.

The VIP experience can be created with personal greetings, champagne and caviar bars. This trend was adopted by department store David Jones as part of the A$200million redevelopment of its Sydney premises. The renovated shoe floor, which is the largest in Australia, features shoe concierges who will guide and greet you. There are also specialist shoe fitters from all over the globe. There’s even a champagne bar.

These experiences satisfy the need for luxury without the high price tag. Research shows that the mere act of being welcomed into a store can have a profound effect on how you perceive service quality, customer satisfaction, and loyalty. It remains to be seen if such strategies will save brick-and-mortar shops. Champagne anyone?